|The holy mosque centre, showing the Ka'bah after the Friday prayers
Birthplace of Muhammad
Located in souther part of Hijaz
Most loved place of Almighty Allah
Founded by the prophet Ibrahim Al- Khalil
Surrounded by dry hills and mountains
Monuments are: Birthplace
of the Holy Prophet (may the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him and his pure progeny), Sayyidatu Khadijah's house, Al-Ar'qam
house, Graveyard of Al-Mu'ali, Birthplace of Sayyidatu Fatimah (peace be upon her), Imam Ali's birthplace (peace be upon him),
Grave of Aaminah bintu Wahab, the Holy Prophet's mother (may the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him and his pure progeny)
ـ Jabalu An-Nur, Ghar Hiraa, Dar Al-Khizraan.
Non-Muslims aren't permitted to enter because it is a holy city
A pilgramage to Mecca is required of all Muslims as one
of the five pillars.
The importance of Mecca for Muslims is inestimable. All Muslims, wherever they are on the earth, are required to pray
five times a day in the direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca. The direction of prayer is known as the qiblah.Muslims regard the
al-Masjid al-Haram as the holiest place on Earth. Both the mosque and the city itself are strictly off-limits to non-Muslims.
The focal point of Mecca is the Ka'bah, the "House of God", believed by Muslims to have been built by Abraham and his
son Ishmael, and is covered in a gold-embroidered black fabric. The Pilgrims circle the Ka'bah seven times and may also try
to touch or kiss its cornerstone, the Black Stone. Pilgrims then drink from the well of Zamzam. The water of Zamzam is believed
to have special properties and is alleged to have health benefits. Few pilgrims return from the Hajj without a large plastic
bottle of the Zamzam water.
For Muslims, a pilgrimage to Mecca is required as one of the Five Pillars of Faith of the faith. In recent years, about
two to three million have gathered for the major pilgrimage or Hajj, during the Muslim month of Dhu'l-Hijjah, and many more
perform the minor pilgrimage or Umrah, which may be performed at any time of year. Few non-Muslims have ever seen the rites
and rituals of the Hajj as non-Muslims are strictly prohibited from entering Mecca and Madinah.
For most English-speakers, Mecca has long been the accepted
spelling for the holy city. The word is a transliteration of the original Arabic, and has become part of the English language.
The word Mecca is nowadays used to mean not only the city in Saudi Arabia but any center of activity sought or converged
upon by a group of people with a common interest.