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Group 4: The Holy City of Mecca
Mecca Pictures
Facts About Mecca

Facts About Mecca

The holy mosque centre, showing the Ka'bah after the Friday prayers

  • Birthplace of Muhammad
  • Located in souther part of Hijaz
  • Most loved place of Almighty Allah
  • Founded by the prophet Ibrahim Al- Khalil
  • Surrounded by dry hills and mountains
  • Monuments are: Birthplace of the Holy Prophet (may the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him and his pure progeny), Sayyidatu Khadijah's house, Al-Ar'qam house, Graveyard of Al-Mu'ali, Birthplace of Sayyidatu Fatimah (peace be upon her), Imam Ali's birthplace (peace be upon him), Grave of Aaminah bintu Wahab, the Holy Prophet's mother (may the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him and his pure progeny) ـ Jabalu An-Nur, Ghar Hiraa, Dar Al-Khizraan.

  • Non-Muslims aren't permitted to enter because it is a holy city
  • A pilgramage to Mecca is required of all Muslims as one of the five pillars.


The importance of Mecca for Muslims is inestimable. All Muslims, wherever they are on the earth, are required to pray five times a day in the direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca. The direction of prayer is known as the qiblah.Muslims regard the al-Masjid al-Haram as the holiest place on Earth. Both the mosque and the city itself are strictly off-limits to non-Muslims.

The focal point of Mecca is the Ka'bah, the "House of God", believed by Muslims to have been built by Abraham and his son Ishmael, and is covered in a gold-embroidered black fabric. The Pilgrims circle the Ka'bah seven times and may also try to touch or kiss its cornerstone, the Black Stone. Pilgrims then drink from the well of Zamzam. The water of Zamzam is believed to have special properties and is alleged to have health benefits. Few pilgrims return from the Hajj without a large plastic bottle of the Zamzam water.

For Muslims, a pilgrimage to Mecca is required as one of the Five Pillars of Faith of the faith. In recent years, about two to three million have gathered for the major pilgrimage or Hajj, during the Muslim month of Dhu'l-Hijjah, and many more perform the minor pilgrimage or Umrah, which may be performed at any time of year. Few non-Muslims have ever seen the rites and rituals of the Hajj as non-Muslims are strictly prohibited from entering Mecca and Madinah.

For most English-speakers, Mecca has long been the accepted spelling for the holy city. The word is a transliteration of the original Arabic, and has become part of the English language. The word Mecca is nowadays used to mean not only the city in Saudi Arabia but any center of activity sought or converged upon by a group of people with a common interest.



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